Scientific Publications

Richard Ridderinkhof is professor in Action, Agility & Aging Science at the University of Amsterdam, dept. of Psychology

Citation info & indices

Latest update: June 2024


  • Brinkhof LP, Chambon M, Ridderinkhof KR, van Harreveld F, Murre JMJ, Krugers HJ, & de Wit S (in press). Resilience among Older Individuals in the Face of Adversity: How Demographic and Trait Factors Impact Mental Health Constructs and their Temporal Dynamics. Clinical Psychological Science. DOI: 10.1177/21677026231190294


  • Brinkhof LP, Murre JMJ, & Ridderinkhof KR (2024). Seniorisme tijdens en na de COVID-19 pandemie: wat kunnen we leren voor toekomstige uitdagingen. Geron, 11, 1-5.
  • Ceolini E, Ridderinkhof KR, & Ghosh A (2024). Age-related behavioral resilience in smartphone touchscreen interaction dynamics. Proceedings National Academy of Sciences, 121 (25) e2311865121. DOI:


  • Brinkhof LP, de Wit S, Murre JMJ, Krugers HJ, & Ridderinkhof KR (2023). Changes in Perceived Ageism during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Impact on  Quality of Life and Mental Well-being Among Dutch Adults Aged 55 and Older. Aging and Mental Health. DOI: 10.1080/13607863.2023.2205832
  • Brinkhof LP, de Wit S, Murre JMJ, & Ridderinkhof KR (2023). Mitigating the harmful impact of ageism among older individuals: the buffering role of resilience factors. Geriatrics, 20249(1), 1; DOI: 10.3390/geriatrics9010001.
  • Brinkhof LP, Ridderinkhof KR, Bieleke M, Murre JMJ, Krugers HJ, & de Wit S (2023). Are older individuals predisposed to habitual control more resilient? Current Psychology. DOI: 10.1007/s12144-023-04982-7
  • Brinkhof LP, Ridderinkhof KR, Krugers HJ, Murre JMJ, & de Wit S (2023). Assessing the degree of urbanisation using a single-item self-report measure: A validation study. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 33:5, 508-517, DOI: 10.1080/09603123.2022.2036331.
  • Brinkhof LP, Ridderinkhof KR, Murre JMJ, Krugers HJ, & de Wit S (2023). Improving goal striving and resilience in older adults through a personalized metacognitive self-help intervention: A protocol paper. BMC Psychology, 11:233. DOI: 10.1186/s40359-023-01259-3
  • Kastel N, Hesp C, Ridderinkhof KR, & Friston K (2023). Small steps for mankind: Modeling the emergence of cumulative culture from joint active inference communication. Frontiers in Neurorobotics, Jan 9;16:944986. DOI: 10.3389/fnbot.2022.944986
  • Liu Y, van den Wildenberg WPM, Ridderinkhof KR, and Wiers RW (2023). Combining Implementation Intentions and Monetary Incentives to Reduce Alcohol Use: A Failed Generalization to a Public Bar Context. Journal of Substance Use, 28:4, 560-567, DOI: 10.1080/14659891.2022.2070876
  • Liu Y, Masina F, Ridderinkhof KR, and Pezzetta R (2023). Addiction as a brain disease? A meta-regression comparison of error-related brain potentials between addiction and neurological diseases. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 148:105127. DOI: 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2023.105127
  • Ridderinkhof KR & Brinkhof LP (2023). Oud is uit: Seniorisme in de samenleving. Jaarboek Sociale Vraagstukken 2023.
  • Torenvliet C, Groenman AP, Lever AG, Ridderinkhof KR, & Geurts HM (2023). Prepotent Response Inhibition in Autism: Not An Inhibitory Deficit? Cortex, 166, 275-285. DOI: 10.1016/j.cortex.2023.05.013


  • Brinkhof LP, de Wit S, Murre JMJ, Krugers HJ, & Ridderinkhof KR (2022). The subjective experience of ageism: the Perceived Ageism Questionnaire (PAQ). International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19, 8792. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph19148792
  • Brinkhof LP, Ridderinkhof KR, van de Vijver I, Murre JMJ, Krugers HJ, & de Wit S (2022). Psychological coping and behavioral adjustment among older adults in times of COVID-19: Exploring the protective role of working memory and habit propensity. Journal of Adult Development, 29:240-254. Doi: 10.1007/s10804-022-09404-9.
  • Liu Y, Chen Y, Fraga-González G, Szpak V, Laverman J, Wiers RW, and Ridderinkhof KR (2022). Resting-state EEG, substance use and abstinence after chronic use: A systematic review. Clinical EEG and Neuroscience, 53:344-366. Doi:10.1177/15500594221076347
  • Pezzetta R, Wokke M, Agliotti SM, & Ridderinkhof KR (2022). Doing it wrong: A systematic review on electrocortical and behavioral correlates of error monitoring in patients with neurological disorders Neuroscience, 486, 103-112. DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2021.01.027
  • Proctor, R.W. & Ridderinkhof KR (2022). A Neglected Pioneer of Psychology: Otto Selz’s Contribution to the Psychology of Thinking and the Dispute with Gestalt Psychologists in Psychological Research/Psychologische Forschung. Psychological Research/Psychologische Forschung, 86:2352-2364. Doi: 10.1007/s00426-022-01707-6
  • Reteig LC, Newman LA, Ridderinkhof KR, & Slagter HA (2022). Effects of tDCS on the attentional blink revisited: A statistical evaluation of a replication attempt. PLOS-One, 2022 Jan 27;17(1):e0262718. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0262718
  • Ridderinkhof KR, & Krugers HJ (2022). Horizons in human aging neuroscience: From normal neural aging to mental (fr)agility. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 29 June 2022. DOI: 10.3389/fnhum.2022.815759
  • Ridderinkhof KR, Snoek L, Savelsbergh G, Cousijn J, & van Campen DA (2022). Action intentions, predictive processing, and mind reading: Turning goalkeepers into penalty killers. Frontiers in Cognitive Neuroscience, 20 Jan. 2022. DOI: 10.3389/fnhum.2021.789817
  • van den Wildenberg, Ridderinkhof KR,and Wylie SA (2022). Towards conceptual clarification of proactive inhibitory control: Areview. Brain Sciences, 12, 1638. DOI: 10.3390/brainsci12121638


  • Brinkhof LP, Huth KBS, Murre JMJ, de Wit S, Krugers HJ, & Ridderinkhof KR (2021). The interplay between quality of life and resilience factors in later life: A network analysis. Frontiers in Psychology, 15 Nov. 2021. DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.752564
  • Buitenweg JIV, Murre JMJ, & Ridderinkhof KR (2021). Spontaneous eye blinks predict executive functioning in seniors. Journal of Cognitive Enhancement, 5, 468-479. DOI: 10.1007/s41465-021-00217-4
  • Cousijn J, Ridderinkhof KR, and Kaag AM (2021). Sex-dependent prefrontal cortex activation in regular cocaine users: a working memory fMRI study. Addiction Biology, Sep;26(5):e13003. DOI: 10.1111/adb.13003
  • Desender K, Ridderinkhof KR, and Murphy PR (2021). Understanding neural signals of post-decisional performance monitoring: A unified review. e-Life, Aug 20; 10:e67556. DOI: 10.7554/eLife.67556
  • Liu Y, Grasman TPPP, Wiers RW, Ridderinkhof KR, and van den Wildenberg WPM (2021). Moderate acute alcohol use impairs intentional inhibition rather than stimulus-driven inhibition. Psychological Research 85, 1449-1461. DOI: 10.1007/s00426-020-01353-w
  • Ridderinkhof KR, Wylie SA, van den Wildenberg WPM, Bashore TR,& van der Molen MW (2021). The Arrow of Time: Advancing Insights into Action Control from the Arrow version of the Eriksen Flanker Task. Attention, Perception & Psychophysics, 83, 700–721 DOI: 10.3758/s13414-020-02167-z
  • van den Wildenberg WPM, van Wouwe NC, Ridderinkhof KR, Neimat JS, Elias WJ, Bashore TR, & Wylie SA (2021). Deep-brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus improves overriding motor actions in Parkinson’s disease Behavioural Brain Research Mar 26;402:113124 DOI: 10.1016/j.bbr.2021.113124


  • Liu Y, van den Wildenberg WPM, González GF, Rigoni D, Brass M, Wiers RW, and Ridderinkhof KR (2020). Free won’t” after a beer or two: Chronic and acute effects of alcohol on neural and behavioral indices of intentional inhibition BMC Psychology, Jan 7;8(1):2. DOI: 10.1186/s40359-019-0367-z.
  • Rojek-Giffin M, Lebreton M, Scholte HS, van Winden FA, Ridderinkhof KR, & De Dreu CK (2020). Neurocognitive Underpinnings of Aggressive Predation in Economic Contests. J. Cognitive Neuroscience, 32, 1276-1288. DOI: 10.1162/jocn_a_01545
  • Yao ZF, Sligte IG, Moreau D, Hsieh S, Yang CT, Ridderinkhof KR, Muggleton NG, and Wang CH (2020). The brains of elite soccer players are subject to experience-dependent alterations in white matter connectivity Cortex, 132, 79-91 DOI: 10.1016/j.cortex.2020.07.016


  • Buitenweg JIV, van de Ven RM, Ridderinkhof KR, & Murre JMJ (2019). Does cognitive flexibility training enhance subjective mental functioning in healthy older adults? Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition, 26, 688-710. DOI: 10.1080/13825585.2018.1519106.
  • Jahfari S, Ridderinkhof KR, Collins AGE, Knapen T, Waldorp LJ, & Frank MJ (2019). Cross-task contributions of fronto-basal ganglia circuitry in response inhibition and conflict-induced slowing. Cerebral Cortex, 29, 1969-1983. DOI: 10.1093/cercor/bhy076
  • Verbruggen F, Aron AR, Band GPH, … Ridderinkhof KR … Boehler CN (2019). A consensus guide to capturing the ability to inhibit actions and impulsive behaviors in the stop-signal task. ELife, 8, e46323. DOI: 10.7554/eLife.46323


  • Harsay HA, Cohen MX, Spaan M, Weeda WD, Nieuwenhuis S, & Ridderinkhof KR (2018). Error Blindness and Motivational Significance: Shifts in Networks Centering on Anterior Insula Co-Vary with Error Awareness and Pupil Dilation. Behavioural Brain Research, 355, 24-35. DOI: 10.1016/j.bbr.2017.10.030
  • Mora Cortes A, Ridderinkhof KR, & Cohen MX (2018). Evaluating the feasibility of the steady-state visual evoked potential (SSVEP) to study temporal attention. Psychophysiology, 55:e13029. DOI: 10.1111/psyp.13029
  • Reteig LC, Knapen T, Roelofs FJFW, Ridderinkhof KR, & Slagter HA (2018). No Evidence that Frontal Eye Field tDCS Affects Latency or Accuracy of Prosaccades. Frontiers in Psychology. DOI: 10.3389/fnins.2018.00617
  • van Campen AD, Kunert R, van den Wildenberg WPM, & Ridderinkhof KR (2018). Repetitive TMS over IFC impairs the suppression (but not expression) of action impulses during action conflict. Psychophysiology 2018;55:e13003 DOI: 10.1111/psyp.13003
  • Vissers M, Ridderinkhof KR, Cohen MX, & Slagter HA (2018). Oscillatory mechanisms of response conflict elicited by color and motion direction: an individual differences approach. J. Cognitive Neuroscience, 30, 468-481. DOI: 10.1162/jocn_a_01222


  • Bault N, Fahrenfort JJ, Pelloux B, Ridderinkhof KR, & van Winden FA (2017). An Affective Social Tie Mechanism: Theory, Evidence, and Implications. J. Economic Psychology, 61C, 152-175. DOI: 10.1016/j.joep.2017.04.004.
  • Buitenweg JIV, van de Ven RM, Prinssen S, Murre JMJ, & Ridderinkhof KR (2017). Cognitive flexibility training: A large-scale multimodal adaptive active-control intervention study in healthy older adults. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 11, 529. DOI: 10.3389/fnhum.2017.00529
  • Lever AG, Ridderinkhof KR, Marsman M, & Geurts HM (2017). Reactive and proactive interference control in adults with autism spectrum disorder across the lifespan. Developmental Psychology, 53, 379-395. DOI: 10.1037/dev0000219
  • Ridderinkhof KR (2017). Emotion in Action: A Predictive Processing Perspective and Theoretical Synthesis. Emotion Review, 2017/08/14, 1-7. DOI: 10.1177/1754073916661765
  • Slagter H, Vissers M, Talsma L, & Ridderinkhof KR (2017). Cognitive enhancement: it’s about time. Cognitive Neuroscience, 8, 119-120. DOI: 10.1080/17588928.2016.1205576.
  • van de Ven RM, Murre JMJ, Buitenweg JIV, Veltman DJ, Aaronso JA, Nijboer TCW, Kruiper-Doesborgh SJC, van Bennekom CAM, Ridderinkhof KR, & Schmand B (2017). The influence of computer-based cognitive flexibility training on subjective cognitive well-being after stroke: A multi-center randomized controlled trial. PLoS One, 12:e0187582. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0187582
  • van de Ven RM, Buitenweg JIV, Schmand B, Veltman DJ, Aaronso JA, Nijboer TCW, Kruiper-Doesborgh SJC, van Bennekom CAM, Rasquin SMC, Ridderinkhof KR, & Murre JMJ (2017). Brain training improves recovery after stroke but waiting list improves equally: A multicenter randomized controlled trial of a computer-based cognitive flexibility training. PLoS One, 12:e0172993 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0172993
  • van den Wildenberg WPM, Ridderinkhof KR, van Wouwe NC, Neimat JS, Bashore TR, & Wylie SA (2017). Overriding Actions in Parkinson’s Disease:Impaired Stopping and Changing of Motor Responses. Behavioral Neuroscience, 131, 372-384. DOI: 10.1037/bne0000210
  • Wokke M, Cleeremans A, & Ridderinkhof KR (2017). Sure I’m sure: Prefrontal oscillations support metacognitive monitoring of decision-making. J. Neuroscience, 37, 781-789. DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1612-16.2017.


  • van de Vijver I, Ridderinkhof KR, Harsay HA, Reneman L, Cavanagh JF, & Michael MX (2016). Frontostriatal anatomical connections predict age- and difficulty-related differences in reinforcement learning. Neurobiology of Aging, 46, 1-12 DOI: 10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2016.06.002
  • Burle B, van den Wildenberg WPM, Spieser L, & Ridderinkhof KR (2016). Preventing (impulsive) errors: Electrophysiological evidence for online inhibitory control over incorrect responses. Psychophysiology, 53, 1008-1019 DOI: 10.1111/psyp.12647
  • Van Wouwe NC, Kanoff KE, Claassen DO, Ridderinkhof KR, Hedera P, Harrison MB, & Wylie SA (2016). The Allure of High-Risk Rewards in Huntington’s disease. J. International Neuropsychological Society, 22, 426-435 DOI: 10.1017/S1355617715001241
  • Wokke ME, Knot SL, Fouad A, & Ridderinkhof KR (2016). Conflict in the Kitchen: Contextual Modulation of Responsiveness to Affordances. Consciousness & Cognition 40, 141-146. DOI: 10.1016/j.concog.2016.01.007
  • Watson P, Wiers RW, Hommel B, Ridderinkhof KR, & de Wit S (2016). An associative account of how the obesogenic environment biases adolescents’ food choices. Appetite, 96, 560-571. DOI: 10.1016/j.appet.2015.10.008


  • Bault N, Pelloux B, Fahrenfort JJ, Ridderinkhof KR, & van Winden FA (2015). Neural dynamics of social tie formation in economic decision-making. Social, Cognitive, and Affective Neuroscience, 10:877-884. DOI: 10.1093/scan/nsu138
  • Debey E, Ridderinkhof KR, Jan De Houwer J, De Schryver M, & Verschuere BJ (2015). Suppressing the truth as a mechanism of deception: Delta plots reveal the role of response inhibition in lying. Consciousness & Cognition, 37, 148-159. DOI: 10.1016/j.concog.2015.09.005
  • De Dreu CK, Scholte HS, van Winden FA, & Ridderinkhof KR (2015). Oxytocin Tempers Calculated Greed but not Impulsive Defense in Predator-Prey Contests. Social, Cognitive, and Affective Neuroscience, 10:721-728. DOI: 10.1093/scan/nsu109
  • Jahfari S, Waldorp L, Ridderinkhof KR, & Scholte HS (2015). Visual information shapes the dynamics of cortico-basal ganglia pathways during response selection and inhibition. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 3:1-16
  • Lever AG, Werkle-Bergner M, Brandmaier AM, Ridderinkhof KR, & Geurts HM (2015). Atypical Working Memory Decline across the Adult Lifespan in Autism Spectrum Disorder? Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 124, 1014-26. DOI: 10.1037/abn0000108
  • Ridderinkhof KR & Brass M (2015). How Kinesthetic Motor Imagery Works: A Predictive-Processing Theory of Visualization in Sports and Motor Expertise. J. Physiology Paris, 109, 53-63 DOI: 10.1016/j.jphysparis.2015.02.003
  • Schouppe N, Braem S, De Houwer J, Silvetti M, Verguts T, Ridderinkhof KR, & Notebaert W (2015). No pain, no gain: the affective valence of congruency conditions changes following a successful response. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, 15:251-61. DOI: 10.3758/s13415-014-0318-3
  • Spieser L, van den Wildenberg WPM, Hasbroucq T, Ridderinkhof KR, & Burle B (2015). Controlling your impulses: Electrical stimulation of the human supplementary motor complex prevents impulsive errors. J. Neuroscience, 35:3010-3015; DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1642-14.2015
  • van de Vijver I, Ridderinkhof KR, & de Wit S (2015). Age-related changes in deterministic learning from positive versus negative performance feedback. Aging, Neuropsychology & Cognition, 12:1-25 DOI: 10.1080/13825585.2015.1020917
  • van Driel J, Swart J, Egner T, Ridderinkhof KR, & Cohen MX (2015). (No) Time for control: Frontal theta dynamics reveal the cost of temporally guided conflict anticipation. Cognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience, 15, 787-807. DOI: 10.3758/s13415-015-0367-2
  • Van Wouwe NC, van den Wildenberg WPM, Ridderinkhof KR, Claassen DO, Neimat JS, & Wylie SA (2015). Easy to Learn, Hard to Suppress: The Impact of Learned Stimulus-Outcome Associations on Subsequent Action Control. Brain & Cognition, 101, 17-34. DOI: 10.1016/j.bandc.2015.10.007


  • Bashore TR, Wylie SA, Ridderinkhof KR, & Martinerie JM (2014). Response-specific slowing in older age revealed through differential stimulus and response effects on P300 latency and reaction time. Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition, 21, 633-673. DOI: 10.1080/13825585.2013.850058.
  • Cousijn J, Wiers RW, Ridderinkhof KR, van den Brink W, Veltman DJ, & Goudriaan AE (2014). Effect of baseline cannabis use and working-memory network function on changes in cannabis use in heavy cannabis users: A prospective fMRI study. Human Brain Mapping, 35, 2470-2482. DOI: 10.1002/hbm.22342.
  • de Wit S, van de Vijver I, & Ridderinkhof KR (2014). Impaired Acquisition of Goal-Directed Action in Healthy Aging. Cogitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, 14, 647-58. DOI: 10.3758/s13415-014-0288-5
  • Frijda NH, Ridderinkhof KR, & Rietveld E (2014). Impulsive action: Emotional impulses and their control. Frontiers in Emotion Science, 5:518. DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00518.
  • Herz DM, Christensen MS, Bruggemann N, Hulme OJ, Ridderinkhof KR, Madsen KH & Siebner HR (2014). Motivational tuning of fronto-subthalamic connectivity facilitates control of action impulses. Journal of Neuroscience, 26, 3210-3217. DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.4081-13.2014. FREE COPY
  • Huizinga M, Smidts DP, & Ridderinkhof KR (2014). Change of Mind: Cognitive Flexibility in the Classroom. Perspectives on Language and Literacy, Spring 2014, 31-35.
  • Li S-C, Ridderinkhof KR, & Samanez-Larkin GR (Eds.) (2014). Decision Making Across the Life Span. Frontiers Research Topic Ebook. DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-215-1.
  • Ridderinkhof KR (2014). Neurocognitive Mechanisms of Perception-Action Coordination: A Review and Theoretical Integration. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 46, 3-29. DOI: 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2014.05.008. FREE COPY
  • Ridderinkhof KR, van den Wildenberg WPM, & Brass M (2014). “Don’t” versus “Won’t”: Principles, Mechanisms, and Intention in Action Inhibition. Neuropsychologia, 65, 255–262. DOI: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2014.09.005. FREE COPY
  • Rouw R & Ridderinkhof KR (2014). The most intriguing question in synesthesia research. Cognitive Neuroscience, 5, 128-130. DOI: 10.1080/17588928.2014.906400.
  • Schel MA, Kühn S, Brass M, Haggard P, Ridderinkhof KR, & Crone EA (2014). Neural correlates of intentional and stimulus-driven inhibition: A comparison. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 5;8:27. DOI: 10.3389/fnhum.2014.00027.
  • Schel MA, Ridderinkhof KR, & Crone EA (2014). Choosing not to act: Neural bases of the development of intentional inhibition. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 10:93-103. DOI: 10.1016/j.dcn.2014.08.006. FREE COPY
  • Schouppe N, Demanet J, Boehler C, Ridderinkhof KR, & Notebaert W (2014). The role of the striatum in effort-based decision-making in the absence of reward. Journal of Neuroscience, 34, 2148-2154. DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1214-13.2014. FREE COPY
  • Schouppe N, Ridderinkhof KR, Verguts T, & Notebaert W (2014). Context-specific control and context selection in conflict tasks. Acta Psychologica, 146C:63-66. DOI: 10.1016/j.actpsy.2013.11.010.
  • Spruit EN, Band GP, Hamming JF, & Ridderinkhof KR (2014). Optimal training design for procedural motor skills: a review and application to laparoscopic surgery. Psychological Research, 78, 878-891. DOI: 10.1007/s00426-013-0525-5.
  • van Campen AD, Keuken MC, van den Wildenberg WPM, & Ridderinkhof KR (2014). TMS over M1 Reveals Expression and Selective Suppression of Conflicting Action Impulses. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 26:1-15. PDF
  • van de Vijver I, Cohen MX, & Ridderinkhof KR (2014). Aging affects medial but not anterior frontal learning-related theta oscillations. Neurobiology of Aging, 35:692-704


  • Cohen, M.X, & Ridderinkhof KR (2013). EEG source reconstruction reveals frontal-parietal dynamics of spatial conflict processing. PLoS ONE 8: e57293. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0057293 PDF
  • Cousijn J, Goudriaan AE, Ridderinkhof KR, van den Brink W, Veltman DJ, & Wiers RW (2013). Individual differences in decision-making and reward processing predict changes in cannabis use: A prospective fMRI study. Addiction Biology, 18, 1013-1023.
  • Cousijn J, Goudriaan AE, Ridderinkhof KR, van den Brink W, Veltman DJ, & Wiers RW (2013). Neural responses associated with cue-reactivity in cannabis users. Addiction Biology, 18, 570–580. PDF
  • de Wit S, Ridderinkhof KR, Fletcher PC, & Dickinson, A (2013). Resolution of outcome-induced response conflict by humans after extended training. Psychological Research, 77:780-93. doi: 10.1007/s00426-012-0467-3
  • Geurts, HM, Scholte, HS, & Ridderinkhof KR (2013). The relationship between grey-matter and ASD and ADHD traits in typical adults. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 43, 1630-1641
  • Gladwin TE, ter Mors–Schulte MHJ, Ridderinkhof KR, & Wiers RW (2013). Attention and alcohol cues: a role for medial parietal cortex and shifting away from alcohol features? Frontiers Psychiatry 4:174. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2013.00174
  • Jahfari S, Ridderinkhof KR, & Scholte HS (2013). Spatial frequency information modulates response inhibition and decision-making processes. PLoS ONE 8(10): e76467. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0076467
  • Rouw R, van Driel J, Knip K, & Ridderinkhof KR (2013). Executive Functions in Synesthesia. Consciousness & Cognition, 22:184-202 PDF
  • Samanez-Larkin GR, Li S-C, & Ridderinkhof KR (2013). Complementary Approaches to the Study of Decision Making Across the Adult Life Span. Frontiers in Decision Neuroscience 7:243. doi: 10.3389/fnins.2013.00243
  • Schouppe, N., De Houwer, J, Ridderinkhof KR, & Notebaert, W. (2013). Conflict: Run! Reduced Stroop interference with Avoidance Responses. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 65, 1052–1058 PDF
  • van Campen AD, Neubert FX, Van den Wildenberg WPM, Ridderinkhof KR, & Mars RB (2013). Paired-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation reveals probability-dependent changes in functional connectivity between inferior frontal cortex and primary motor cortex during go/no-go performance. Frontiers Human Neuroscience 7:736. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2013.00736
  • Wiers RW, Gladwin TE, Hofmann W, Salemink E, & Ridderinkhof KR (2013). Cognitive Bias Modification and Control Training in Addiction and Related Psychopathology: Mechanisms, Clinical Perspectives and Ways Forward. Clinical Psychological Science 1, 192-212. PDF
  • Wylie SA, Claassen DO, Kanoff KE, Ridderinkhof KR, & van den Wildenberg WPM (2013). Impaired Inhibition of Prepotent Motor Actions in Tourette’s Syndrome. Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, 38, 120-138


  • Buitenweg JIV, Murre JMJ, & Ridderinkhof KR (2012). Brain training in progress: a review of trainability in healthy seniors. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 6:183. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2012.00183
  • Cavanagh JF, Neville D, Cohen MX, van de Vijver I, Harsay HA, Watson P, Buitenweg JIV, & Ridderinkhof KR (2012). Individual differences in risky decision-making among seniors reflect increased reward sensitivity. Frontiers in Decision Neuroscience 6:111. doi: 10.3389/fnins.2012.00111
  • Colzato LS, van Wouwe NC, Hommel B, Zmigrod S, Ridderinkhof KR, & Wylie SA. (2012). Dopaminergic modulation of the updating of stimulus-response episodes in Parkinson’s disease. Behav Brain Res., 228, 82-86
  • Cousijn J, Goudriaan AE, Ridderinkhof KR, van den Brink W, Veltman DJ, & Wiers RW (2012). Approach-bias Predicts Development of Cannabis Problem Severity in Heavy Cannabis Users: Results From a Prospective FMRI Study. PLoS ONE 7: e42394. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0042394
  • Cousijn J, Wiers RW, Ridderinkhof KR, van den Brink W, Veltman DJ, & Goudriaan AE (2012). Grey matter alterations associated with cannabis use: Results of a VBM study in heavy cannabis users and healthy controls. NeuroImage, 59, 3845-3851
  • de Wit S, Watson A, Harsay HA, Cohen MX, van de Vijver I, & Ridderinkhof KR (2012). Corticostriatal Connectivity Underlies Individual Differences in the Balance between Habitual and Goal-directed Action Control. Journal of Neuroscience, 32:12066-12075
  • de Wit S, Standing HR, Devito EE, Robinson OJ, Ridderinkhof KR, Robbins TW, & Sahakian BJ (2012). Reliance on habits at the expense of goal-directed control following dopamine precursor depletion. Psychopharmacology, 219, 621-631
  • Fahrenfort JJ, van Winden F, Pelloux B, Stallen M, & Ridderinkhof KR (2012). Neural correlates of dynamically evolving interpersonal ties predict prosocial behavior. Front Neurosci. 2012;6:28. Epub 2012 Mar 5
  • Harsay HA, Spaan M, Wijnen JG, & Ridderinkhof KR (2012). Error awareness and salience processing in the oddball task: Shared neural mechanisms. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6:246. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2012.00246
  • Jahfari S, Verbruggen F, Frank, MJ, Waldorp L, Colzato L, Ridderinkhof KR; & Forstmann BU (2012). How preparation changes the need for top-down control of the basal ganglia when inhibiting premature actions. Journal of Neuroscience, 32:10870 –10878
  • Nigbur R, Cohen MX, Ridderinkhof KR, & Sturmer B (2012). Theta dynamics reveal domain-specific control over stimulus and response conflict. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 24, 1264-1274
  • Pachur T, Raaijmakers JGW, Davelaar EJ, Daw ND, Dougherty MR, Hommel B, Lee MD, Polyn SM, Ridderinkhof KR, & Todd PM, & Wolfe JM (2012). Unpacking cogntive search: Mechanisms and Processes. In: PM Todd, TT Hills, & TW Robbins (Eds.), Cognitive search: Evolution, algorithms, and the Brain (pp. 237-253). Strungmann Forum Report Vol. 9. Cambridge: MIT Press
  • Ridderinkhof KR, Cohen MX, & Forstmann BU (2012). Motivational modulation of action control: How individual variability may shed light on the motivation-control interface and its neurocognitive mechanisms. In: RB Mars, J Sallet, MFS Rushworth, & N Yeung (Eds.), Neural basis of motivational and cognitive control (pp. 243-262). Cambridge: MIT Press
  • Ridderinkhof KR & Harsay HA (2012). Cognitive control, cogntive search, and motivational salience: A systems-neuroscience approach. In: PM Todd, TT Hills, & TW Robbins (Eds.), Cognitive search: Evolution, algorithms, and the Brain (pp. 209-220). Strungmann Forum Report Vol. 9. Cambridge: MIT Press
  • Ridderinkhof KR, van Wouwe N, Band GPH, Wylie SA, Van Der Stigchel S, van Hees P, Buitenweg JIV, van de Vijver I., & van den Wildenberg WP (2012). A tribute to Charlie Chaplin: Induced positive affect improves reward-based decision-learning in Parkinson’s Disease. Frontiers in Psychology 3:185. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00185
  • Ridderinkhof KR, Wylie SA, & van den Wildenberg WPM (2012). Action control in times of conflict: Analysis of reaction time distributions in healthy and clinical populations. In: M Posner (Ed.), Neuroscience of Attention (2nd Ed.) (pp.409-420). New York: Guilford Press
  • van den Wildenberg WP, Ridderinkhof KR, & Wylie SA (2012). Once bitten, twice shy: On the transient nature of congruency sequence effects. A Commentary on Egner et al. Frontiers in Psychology 3:264. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00264
  • van der Molen MJW, van der Molen MW, Ridderinkhof KR, Hamel BCJ, Curfs LMG, & Ramakers GJA (2012). Attentional set shifting in fragile X syndrome. Brain & Cognition, 78, 206-217
  • van der Molen MJW, van der Molen MW, Ridderinkhof KR, Hamel BCJ, Curfs LMG, & Ramakers GJA (2012). Auditory and visual cortical activity during selective attention in fragile X syndrome: A cascade of processing deficiencies. Clinical Neurophysiology, 123, 720-729
  • van der Molen MJW, van der Molen MW, Ridderinkhof KR, Hamel BCJ, Curfs LMG, & Ramakers GJA (2012). Auditory change detection in fragile X syndrome males: A brain potential study. Clinical Neurophysiology, 123, 1309-1318
  • van Driel J, Ridderinkhof KR, & Cohen MX (2012). Not all errors are alike: Theta and alpha EEG dynamics relate to differences in error-processing dynamics. The Journal of Neuroscience, 32(47): 16795-16806; doi: 10.1523/​JNEUROSCI.0802-12.2012
  • van Wouwe NC, Ridderinkhof KR, Band GPH, van den Wildenberg WPM, & Wylie SA (2012). Dose-dependent dopaminergic modulation of reward-based learning in Parkinson’s Disease. Neuropsychologia, 50, 583-591
  • Winkel, J, Wijnen JG, Danielmeier C, Groen IIA, Derfuss J, Ridderinkhof KR, & Forstmann BU (2012). Observed and self-experienced conflict induce similar behavioral and neural adaptation. Social Neuroscience, 7, 385-397
  • Wylie SA, Claassen DO, Huizenga HM, Schewel KD, Ridderinkhof KR, Bashore TR, & van den Wildenberg WP (2012). Dopamine Agonists and the Suppression of Impulsive Motor Actions in Parkinson’s Disease. J. Cognitive Neuroscience, 24, 1709-1724.
  • Wylie SA, van den Wildenberg WP, Ridderinkhof KR, Claassen DO, Wooten GF, & Manning CA (2012). Differential Susceptibility to Motor Impulsivity Among Functional Subtypes of Parkinson’s Disease. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry, 83, 1149-1154. DOI: 10.1136/jnnp-2012-303056


  • Claassen DO, van den Wildenberg WPM, Ridderinkhof KR, Jessup CK, Harrison MB, Wooten GF, & Wylie SA (2011). The Risky Business of Dopamine Agonists in Parkinson Disease and Impulse Control Disorders. Behavioral Neuroscience, 125, 492-500
  • Crone, E.A. & Ridderinkhof, K.R. (2011). The developing brain: from theory to neuroimaging and back. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 1, 101-109.
  • Harsay, H.A., Cohen, M.X., Oosterhof, N.N., Forstmann, B.U., Mars, R.B., & Ridderinkhof, K.R. (2011). Functional connectivity of the striatum links motivation to action control in humans. Journal of Neuroscience, 31, 10701-10711
  • Harsay, H.A., Cohen, M.X., Reneman, L., & Ridderinkhof, K.R. (2011). How the aging brain translates motivational incentive into action: The role of individual differences in striato-cortical white matter pathways. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 1, 530-539. DOI:10.1016/j.dcn.2011.06.005
  • Jahfari, S., Waldorp, L, van den Wildenberg, W.P.M., Scholte, H.S., Ridderinkhof, K.R., & Forstmann, B.U. (2011). Effective connectivity reveals important roles for both the hyperdirect (fronto-subthalamic) and indirect (fronto-striatal-pallidal) fronto-basal ganglia pathways during response inhibition. Journal of Neuroscience, 31, 6891-6899
  • Pannebakker, M., Jolicoeur, P., van Dam, W.O., Band, G.P.H., Ridderinkhof, K.R., & Hommel, B. (2011). Mental rotation impairs attention shifting and short-term memory encoding: Neurophysiological evidence against the response-selection bottleneck model of dual-task performance. Neuropsychologia, 49, 2985-2993
  • Ridderinkhof, K.R. (2011). How much can the human brain recover from years of excessive alcohol consumption? Scientific American, 8 october 2011.
  • Ridderinkhof, K.R., Forstmann, B.U., Wylie, S.A., Burle, B., & van den Wildenberg, W.P.M. (2011). Neurocognitive mechanisms of action control: Resisting the call of the Sirens. Wylie Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science, 2, 174-192. DOI:10.1002/wcs.99 PDF or
  • Ridderinkhof KR, Wijnen JG (2011). More than meets the eye: Age differences in the capture and suppression of oculomotor action. Frontiers in Psychology 2011;2:267. Epub 2011 Oct 25
  • van den Wildenberg, W.P.M. & Ridderinkhof, K.R. (2011). Actie controle: Doelgericht stoppen en selecteren van gedrag. In D. Denys & G. Meynen (Eds.), Handboek Psychiatrie en Filosofie (pp. 147-160). Amsterdam: De Tijdstroom.
  • van der Stigchel, S., Imants, P, & Ridderinkhof, K.R. (2011). Positive affect increases cognitive control in the antisaccade task. Brain & Cognition, 75, 177-181
  • van de Vijver, I., Cohen, M.X, & Ridderinkhof, K.R. (2011). Frontal oscillatory dynamics predict feedback learning and action adjustment. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 23, 4106-1421
  • van Gaal, S., Ridderinkhof, K.R., Fahrenfort, J.J.., & Lamme, V.A.F. (2011). Dissociable brain mechanisms underlying the conscious and unconscious control of behavior. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 23, 382-390 PDF
  • van Gaal, S., Scholte, H.S.., Lamme, V.A.F., Fahrenfort, J.J., & Ridderinkhof, K.R. (2011). Pre-SMA grey-matter density predicts individual differences in action selection in the face of conscious and unconscious response conflict. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 23, 91-105. DOI:10.1162/jocn.2010.21431 PDF
  • van Wouwe, N.C., Ridderinkhof, K.R., van den Wildenburg, W.P.M., Band, G.P.H., Abisogun, A.A., Elias, W.J., Frysinger, R.C., & Wylie, S.A. (2011). Deep Brain Stimulation of the Subthalamic Nucleus improves Reward-based decision-learning in Parkinson’s Disease. Frontiers in Neurocience, 5, 30. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2011.00030
  • van Wouwe, N.C., Band, G.P.H., & Ridderinkhof, K.R. (2011). Positive affect modulates flexibility and evaluative control: Evidence from the N2 and ERN. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 23, 425-539. PDF
  • Wokke, M.E., van Gaal, S., Scholte, H.S., Ridderinkhof, K.R., & Lamme, V.A.F. (2011). The flexible nature of unconscious cognition. PLoS-ONE 2011;6(9):e25729


  • Harsay, H.A., Buitenweg, J.I.V., Wijnen, J.G., Guerreiro, M.J.S., & Ridderinkhof, K.R. (2010). Remedial efffects of motivational incentive on declining cognitive control in healthy aging and Parkinson’s disease. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience, 2:144 DOI:10.3389/fnagi.2010.00144.
  • Ridderinkhof, K.R. & Stallen, M. (2010). Vrolijkheid als remedie tegen veroudering. In N. Lazerom & R. van Dinteren (Eds.), BREIN@WORK: Breinkennis voor Organisaties (pp. 161-172). Houten: Springer Uitgeverij.
  • Ullsperger, M., Harsay, H.A., Wessel, J.R., & Ridderinkhof, K.R. (2010). Conscious perception of errors and its relation to the anterior insula. Brain Function & Structure, 214, 629-643. DOI:10.1007/s00429-010-0261-1
  • van Gaal, S., Ridderinkhof, K.R., Scholte, H.S.., & Lamme, V.A.F. (2010). Unconscious Activation of the Prefrontal No-Go Network. Journal of Neuroscience, 30, 4143-4150.
  • van der Molen, M.J.W., Huizinga, M., Huizenga, H.M., Ridderinkhof, K.R., van der Molen, M.W., Hamel, B.J.C., Curfs, L.M.G., & Ramakers, G.J.A. (2010). Profiling Fragile X Syndrome in Males: Strengths and Weaknesses in Cognitive Abilities. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 31, 426-439.
  • van den Wildenberg, W.P.M., Burle, B., Vidal, F., van der Molen, M.W., Ridderinkhof, K.R., & Hasbroucq, T. (2010). Mechanisms and Dynamics of Cortical Motor Inhibition in the Stop-signal Paradigm: A TMS study. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 22. 225-239.
  • van den Wildenberg, W.P.M., Wylie, S.A., Forstmann, B.U., Burle, B., Hasbroucq, T., & Ridderinkhof, K.R. (2010). To head or to heed: Beyond the surface of selective action inhibition. Frontiers in Neurocience, 4, 222. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2010.00222
  • van Gaal, S., Lamme, V.A.F., & Ridderinkhof, K.R. (2010). Unconsciously triggered conflict adaptation. PLoS ONE 5(7): e11508. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0011508
  • van Loon, A. M., van den Wildenberg, W.P.M., van Stegeren, A.H., Hajcak, G., & Ridderinkhof, K.R. (2010). Emotional stimuli modulate readiness for action: A transcranial magnetic stimulation study. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, 10, 174-181.
  • Wylie, S.A., Ridderinkhof, K.R., & Bashore, T.R., & van den Wildenberg, W.P.M. (2010). The effect of Parkinson’s Disease on the dynamics of online and proactive cognitive control during action selection. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 22, 2058-2073. DOI:10.1162/jocn.2009.21326
  • Wylie, S.A., Ridderinkhof, K.R., Elias, W.J., Frysinger, R.C., Bashore, T.R., Downs, K.E., van Wouwe, N.C., & van den Wildenberg, W.P.M. (2010). STN stimulation influences expression and suppression of impulsive behavior in Parkinson’s Disease. Brain 133, 3611-3624. DOI:10.1093/brain/awq239


  • Band, G.P.H., van Steenbergen, H., Ridderinkhof, K.R., Falkenstein, M., & Hommel, B. (2009). Action-effect negativity: Irrelevant action effects are monitored like relevant feedback. Biological Psychology, 288, 211-218.
  • Brown, S.B.R.E. & Ridderinkhof, K.R. (2009). Aging and the Neuroeconomics of Decision-Making: A Review. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, 9, 365-379.
  • Cohen, M.X., van Gaal, S., Ridderinkhof, K.R., & Lamme, V.A.F. (2009). Unconscious errors enhance prefrontal-occipital oscillatory synchrony. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 3 (article 54), 1-12 (doi: 10.3389/neuro.09.054.2009).
  • Pannebakker, M., Band, G. P. H., & Ridderinkhof, K.R. (2009). Operation Compatibility: A Neglected Contribution to Dual-Task Costs. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 35, 447–460.
  • Ridderinkhof, K.R., Ramautar, J.R., & Wijnen, J.G. (2009). To PE or not to PE : a P3-like ERP component reflecting the processing of response errors. Psychophysiology, 46, 531-538.
  • Tieges, Z., Snel, J, Kok, A., & Ridderinkhof, K.R. (2009). Caffeine does not modulate inhibitory control. Brain & Cognition, 69, 316-327.
  • van den Wildenberg, W.P.M. & Ridderinkhof, K.R. (2009). Cognitieve controle: doelgericht stoppen en selecteren van gedrag. Tijdschrift voor Neuropsychiatrie en Gedragsneurologie, 8, 147-151.
  • van Gaal, S., Ridderinkhof, K.R., van den Wildenberg, W.P.M., & Lamme, V.A.F. (2009). Dissociating Consciousness from Inhibitory Control: Evidence for unconsciously triggered Response Inhibition in the Stop-signal Task. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance, 35, 1129-1139.
  • van Wouwe, N.C., Band, G.P.H., & Ridderinkhof, K.R. (2009). Proactive control and episodic binding in context processing effects. Acta Psychologica, 131, 245-253.
  • Wijnen, J.G. & Ridderinkhof, K.R. (2009). Contextual modulation of oculomotor control reflected in N2 and saccade reaction time distributions. Psychophysiology, 46. 1-10.
  • Winkel, J., Wijnen, J.G., Ridderinkhof, K.R., Groen, I.I.A., Derfuss, J., Danielmeier, C., & Forstmann, B.U. (2009). Your conflict matters to me! Behavioral and neural manifestations of control adjustment after self-experienced and observed decision-conflict. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 3 (article 57), 1-8 (doi: 10.3389/neuro.09.057.2009)
  • Wylie, S.A., van den Wildenberg, W.P.M., Ridderinkhof, K.R., Bashore, T.R., Powell, V.D., Manning, C.A., & Wooten, G.F. (2009). The effect of speed-accuracy strategy on response interference control in Parkinson’s Disease. Neuropsychologia, 47, 1844-1853.
  • Wylie, S.A., van den Wildenberg, W.P.M., Ridderinkhof, K.R., Bashore, T.R., Powell, V.D., Manning, C.A., & Wooten, G.F. (2009). The effect of Parkinson’s Disease on interference control during action selection. Neuropsychologia, 47, 145-157.


  • Bermond, B., Righart, R,, Ridderinkhof, K.R, & Moormann, P.P. (2008). Alexithymia and the brain potential P300. Netherlands Journal of Psychology, 64, 55-77.
  • Cohen, M.X., Ridderinkhof, K.R., Haupt, S., Elger, C.E., & Fell, J. (2008). Medial frontal cortex and response conflict: Evidence from human intracranial EEG and medial frontal cortex lesion. Brain Research, 1238, 127-142.
  • Forstmann, B.U., Dutilh, G., Brown, S., Neumann, J. von Cramon, D.Y., Ridderinkhof, K.R., & Wagenmakers, E.-J. (2008). Striatum and pre-SMA facilitate decision-making under time pressure. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS), 105, 17538-17542.
  • Forstmann, B.U., Jahfari, S., Scholte, H.S., Wolfensteller, U., van den Wildenberg, W. P. M., & Ridderinkhof, K.R. (2008). Function and Structure of the Right Inferior Frontal Cortex Predict Individual Differences in Response Inhibition: A Model-Based Approach. Journal of Neuroscience, 28, 9790-9796.
  • Forstmann, B.U., van den Wildenberg, W. P. M., & Ridderinkhof, K.R. (2008). Neural Mechanisms, Temporal Dynamics, and Individual Differences in Interference Control. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 20, 1854-1865.
  • Forstmann, B.U., Wolfensteller, U., Derfuss, J., Neumann, J., Brass, M., Ridderinkhof, K.R., & Von Cramon, D.Y. (2008). When the choice is ours: Context and agency modulate the neural bases of decision-making. PLoS-ONE, 3, e1899.
  • Kreukels, B. P. C., Hamburger, H. L., De Ruiter, M. B., van Dam, F. S. A. M., Ridderinkhof, K. R., Boogerd, W., & Schagen, S. B. (2008). ERP amplitude and latency in breast cancer survivors treated with adjuvant chemotherapy. Clinical Neurophysiology, 119, 533-541.
  • Kreukels, B. P. C., van Dam, F. S. A. M., Ridderinkhof, K. R., Boogerd, W., & Schagen, S. B. (2008). Persistent neurocognitive problems after adjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer. Clinical Breast Cancer, 8, 80-87.
  • Ridderinkhof, K.R., Stallen, M., & van Winden, F. (2008). Never trust a stranger – Work on ties that bind. VOX: Researc-based policy analysis and commentary from leading economists, Oct 13th, 2008.
  • van Gaal, S., Ridderinkhof, K.R., Fahrenfort, J.J., Scholte, H.S., & Lamme, V.A.F. (2008). Frontal cortex mediates unconsciously triggered inhibitory control. Journal of Neuroscience, 28, 8053-8062.
  • van Winden, F., Stallen, M., & Ridderinkhof, K.R. (2008). On the nature, modeling, and neural basis of social ties. In D. Houser (Ed.), Neuroeconomics. Advances in Health Economics and Health Services Research, Vol 20 (pp.125-159). Amsterdam: Emerald Group Publishing.


  • Eenshuistra, R.M., Ridderinkhof, K.R., Weidema, M.A., & van der Molen, M.W. (2007). Developmental changes in oculomotor control and WM efficiency. Acta Psychologica, 124, 139-158.
  • Forstmann, B.U., Ridderinkhof, K.R., Kaiser, J., & Bledowski, C. (2007). At your own peril: An ERP study of voluntary task-set selection processes in medial frontal cortex. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, 7, 286-296.
  • Ridderinkhof, K. R., Nieuwenhuis, S., & Braver, T. S. (2007). Medial frontal cortex function: An overview and introduction. Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Neuroscience, 7, 261-265.
  • Snel, J, Tieges, Z., & Ridderinkhof, K.R. (2007). Helpt koffie tegen de effecten van alcohol?. BLIND! Interdisciplinair digitaal tijdschrift, 11.
  • Stallen, M. & Ridderinkhof, K.R. (2007). Vrolijkheid als remedie tegen veroudering. In W. G., van Aken, K. R. Ridderinkhof, F. R. J. Verhey, & M. Evenblij (Eds.), Vergrijzend brein: wat ouder wordende hersenen met cognitieve vermogens doen. Cahier Bio-Wetenschappen en Maatschappij, 26, 27-31.
  • Stallen, M. & Ridderinkhof, K.R. (2007). Diagnostische techniken. In W. G., van Aken, K. R. Ridderinkhof, F. R. J. Verhey, & M. Evenblij (Eds.), Vergrijzend brein: wat ouder wordende hersenen met cognitieve vermogens doen. Cahier Bio-Wetenschappen en Maatschappij, 26, 24-25.
  • Tieges, Z., Snel, J, Kok, A., Plat, N., & Ridderinkhof, K.R. (2007). Effects of caffeine on anticipatory processes: Evidence from a cued task-switch paradigm. Psychophysiology, 44, 561-578.
  • van der Heijden, K.A., Smits, M.G., van Someren, E.J.W., Ridderinkhof, K.R., & Gunning, W.B. (2007). Effect of melatonin on sleep, behavior and cognition in ADHD and chronic sleep onset insomnia. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 46, 233-241.
  • van Peer, J.M., Roelofs, K., Rotteveel, M., van Dijk, J.G., Spinhoven, P., Ridderinkhof, K.R. (2007). The Effects of Cortisol Administration on Approach-Avoidance Behavior: An Event-Related Potential Study. Biological Psychology, 76, 135-146.
  • Wijnen, J.G. & Ridderinkhof, K.R. (2007). Response inhibition in motor and oculomotor conflict tasks: Different mechanisms, different dynamics? Brain & Cognition, 63, 260-270.
  • Wylie, S.A., Ridderinkhof, K.R., Eckerle, M.K., & Manning, C.A. (2007). Inefficient Response Inhibition in Individuals with Mild Cognitive Impairment. Neuropsychologia, 45, 1408-1419.


  • Crone, E. A., Bunge, S., van der Molen, M. W., & Ridderinkhof, K.R. (2006). Switching between tasks and responses: A developmental study. Developmental Science, 9, 278-287.
  • Kok, A., Ridderinkhof, K.R., & Ullsperger, M. (2006). The control of attention and actions: current research and future developments. Brain Research, 1105, 1-6.
  • Kreukels, B. P. C., Schagen, S. B., Ridderinkhof, K. R., Boogerd, W., Hamburger, H. L., Muller, M. M., & van Dam, F. S. A. M. (2006). Effects of high-dose and conventional-dose adjuvant chemotherapy on long-term cognitive sequelae in breast-cancer patients: an electrophysiological study. Clinical Breast Cancer, 7, 67-78.
  • Osman, A., Albert, R., Ridderinkhof, K.R., Band, G.P.H., & van der Molen, M.W. (2006). The Beat Goes On: Rhythmic Modulation of Cortical Potentials by Imagined Tapping. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 32, 986-1005.
  • Ramautar, J. R., Kok, A., & Ridderinkhof, K.R. (2006). Effects of stop-signal modality on the N2/P3 complex in the stop-signal paradigm. Biological Psychology, 72, 96-109.
  • Ramautar, J., Slagter, H.A., Kok, A., & Ridderinkhof, K.R. (2006). Probability effects in the stop-signal paradigm: the insula and the significance of failed inhibition. Brain Research, 1105, 143-154.
  • Talsma, D., Kok, A., & Ridderinkhof, K.R.. (2006). Selective attention to spatial and non-spatial visual stimuli is affected differentially by age: Effects on event-related brain potentials and performance data. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 62, 249-261.
  • Tieges, Z., Snel, J, Kok, A., Wijnen, J. G., Lorist, M. M., & Ridderinkhof, K.R. (2006). Caffeine improves anticipatory processes in task switching. Biological Psychology, 73, 101-113.


  • Burle, B., van den Wildenberg, W. P. M., & Ridderinkhof, K. R. (2005). Dynamics of facilitation and interference in cue-priming and Simon tasks. European Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 17, 619-641.
  • Hajcak, G., Nieuwenhuis, S., Ridderinkhof, K. R., & Simons, R. F. (2005). Error-preceding brain activity: Robustness, temporal dynamics, and boundary conditions. Biological Psychology, 70, 67-78.
  • Kreukels, B. P. C., Schagen, S. B., Ridderinkhof, K. R., Boogerd, W., Hamburger, H. L., & van Dam, F. S. A. M. (2005). Electrophysiological correlates of information processing in breast-cancer patients treated with adjuvant chemotherapy. Breast Cancer Research & Treatment, 94, 53-61.
  • Lorist, M. M., Boksem, M. A. S., & Ridderinkhof, K. R. (2005). Impaired cognitive control and reduced cingulate activity during mental fatigue. Cognitive Brain Research, 24, 199-205.
  • Overbeek, T. J. M., Nieuwenhuis, S., & Ridderinkhof, K. R. (2005). Dissociable components of error processing: On the functional significance of the Pe vis-à-vis the ERN/Ne. Journal of Psychophysiology, 19, 319-329.
  • Ridderinkhof, K.R., Scheres, A., Oosterlaan, J., & Sergeant, J. (2005). Distribution-analytical techniques in the study of ADHD: Delta plot analyses reveal deficits in response suppression that are eliminated by methylphenidate treatment. J. Abnormal Psychology, 114, 197-215.
  • Ridderinkhof, K. R. & van den Wildenberg, W. P. M. (2005). Adaptive coding – Beyond the renaissance of cognitive control. Science, 307, 1059-1060.


  • Alting von Geusau, N., Stalenhoef, P., Huizinga, M., Snel, J., & Ridderinkhof, K. R. (2004). Impaired executive function in male MDMA (“ecstacy”) users. Psychopharmacology, 175, 331-341.
  • Crone, E. A., Ridderinkhof, K.R., Worm, M., & van der Molen, M. W. (2004). Switching between spatial stimulus-response mappings: A developmental study of cognitive flexibility. Developmental Science, 7, 443-355.
  • Eenshuistra, R. M., Ridderinkhof, K.R., & van der Molen, M. W. (2004). Age-related changes in antisaccade task performance: Inhibitory control or working-memory engagement? Brain & Cognition, 56, 177-188.
  • Elton, M., Spaan, M., & Ridderinkhof, K.R. (2004). Why do we produce errors of commission? An ERP study of stimulus deviance detection and error monitoring in a choice go/no-go task. European Journal of Neuroscience, 20, 1960-1968.
  • Jentzsch, I., Leuthold, H., & Ridderinkhof, K.R. (2004). Beneficial effects of ambiguous precues: Parallel motor preparation or reduced premotoric processing time? Psychophysiology, 41, 231-244.
  • Kok, A., Ramautar, J., de Ruiter, M., & Ridderinkhof, K. R. (2004). ERP components associated with successful and unsuccessful stopping in a stop-signal task. Psychophysiology, 41, 9-20.
  • Ramautar, J. R., Kok, A., & Ridderinkhof, K.R. (2004). Effects of stop-signal probability in the stop-signal paradigm: The N2/P3 complex further validated. Brain & Cognition, 56, 234-252.
  • Ridderinkhof, K. R., Ullsperger, M., Crone, E. A., & Nieuwenhuis, S. (2004). The role of medial frontal cortex in cognitive control. Science, 306, 443-447.
  • Ridderinkhof, K. R., van den Wildenberg, W. P. M., Segalowitz, S. J., & Carter, C. S. (2004). Neurocognitive mechanisms of cognitive control: The role of prefrontal cortex in action selection, response inhibition, performance monitoring, and reward-based learning. Brain & Cognition, 56, 129-140.
  • Ridderinkhof, K.R., van den Wildenberg, W. P. M., Wijnen, J., & Burle, B. (2004). Response inhibition in conflict tasks is revealed in delta plots. In M. Posner (Ed.), Cognitive Neuroscience of Attention. New York: Guilford Press.
  • Span, M. M., Ridderinkhof, K. R., & van der Molen, M. W. (2004). Age-related changes in the efficiency of cognitive processing across the life span. Acta Psychologica, 117, 155-183.
  • Tieges, Z., Ridderinkhof, K. R., Snel, J., & Kok, A. (2004). Caffeine intensifies action monitoring: Evidence from the error-related negativity. Cognitive Brain Research, 21, 87-93.


  • Band, G. P. H., van der Molen, M. W., & Ridderinkhof, K. R. (2003). Speed-accuracy modulation in case of conflict: the roles of activation and inhibition. Psychological Research, 67, 266-279.
  • Nieuwenhuis, S., Yeung, N., van den Wildenberg, W. P. M., & Ridderinkhof, K.R. (2003). Electrophysiological Correlates of Anterior Cingulate Function in a Go/NoGo task: Effects of Response Conflict and Trial-Type Frequency. Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Neuroscience, 3, 17-26.
  • Ridderinkhof, K. R., Nieuwenhuis, S., & Bashore, T. R. (2003). Errors are fore-shadowed in brain potentials associated with action monitoring in cingulate cortex. Neuroscience Letters, 348, 1-4.


  • Band, G. P. H., Ridderinkhof, K. R., & Segalowitz, S. (2002). Explaining neurocognitive aging: Is one factor enough? Brain & Cognition, 49, 259-267.
  • Bashore, T. R., & Ridderinkhof, K. R. (2002). Older age, traumatic brain injury, and cognitive slowing: Some convergent and divergent findings. Psychological Bulletin, 128, 151-198.
  • Hommel, B., Ridderinkhof, K. R., & Theeuwes, J. (2002). Cognitive control of attention and action: Issues and trends. Psychogological Research, 66, 215-219.
  • Nieuwenhuis, S., Ridderinkhof, K. R., Talsma, D., Coles, M. G. H., Holroyd, C., Kok, A., & van der Molen, M. W. (2002). A computational account of altered error processing in older age: Dopamine and the error-related negativity. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, 2, 19-36.
  • Ridderinkhof, K. R. (2002). Activation and suppression in conflict tasks: Empirical clarification through distributional analyses. In W. Prinz & B. Hommel (Eds.), Common Mechanisms in Perception and Action. Attention & Performance, Vol. XIX, pp 494-519. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Ridderinkhof, K. R. (2002). Micro- and macro-adjustments of task set: Activation and suppression in conflict tasks. Psychological Research, 66, 312-323.
  • Ridderinkhof, K. R., de Vlugt, Y., Bramlage, A., Spaan, M., Elton, M., Snel, J., & Band, G. P. H. (2002). Alcohol consumption impairs the detection of performance errors by mediofrontal cortex. Science, 298, 2209-2211.
  • Ridderinkhof, K. R., Span, M. M., & van der Molen, M. W. (2002). Perseverative behavior and adaptive control in older adults: Performance monitoring, rule induction, and set shifting. Brain & Cognition, 49, 382-401.
  • van den Wildenberg, W., & Ridderinkhof, K. R. (2002). Hersenen op de noodrem: de snelheid van stoppen. Natuur & Techniek, 70, 66-71.


  • Nieuwenhuis, S. N., Ridderinkhof, K. R., Blom, J., Band, G. P. H., & Kok, A. (2001). Error‑related brain potentials are differentially related to awareness of response errors: Evidence from an antisaccade task. Psychophysiology, 38, 752-760.


  • van Asselen, M., & Ridderinkhof, K. R. (2000). Shift costs of predictable and unexpected set shifting in young and older adults. Psychologica Belgica, 40, 259-273.
  • Nieuwenhuis, S. N., Ridderinkhof, K. R., de Jong, R., Kok, A., & van der Molen, M. W. (2000). Inhibitory inefficiency and failures of intention activation: Age-related decline in the control of saccadic eye movements. Psychology and Aging, 15, 635-647.
  • Ridderinkhof, K. R. (2000). Is er nog hoop? Een beeld van neurocognitieve veroudering. In R. Spreeuw & D. Stapel (Eds.), Over de Grenzen van het Weten (pp. 87-91). Amsterdam, the Netherlands: Ver. Akademie Onderzoekers.
  • Ridderinkhof, K. R., & Van der Stelt, O. (2000). Attentional selection in the growing child: An overview derived from developmental psychophysiology. Biological Psychology, 54, 55–106.


  • Koning, A. R., Hofman, W. F., & Ridderinkhof, K. R. (1999). A psychophysiological study of sleep onset by means of dynamic spectral analyses and ERP. In A. L. v. Bemmel, Beersma, D.G.M., Folgering, H., Hofman, W.F., Ruigt, G. (Eds.), Sleep/Wake Research in the Netherlands (Vol. 10, pp. 135-138). Maastricht: Dutch Society for Sleep-Wake Research.
  • Ridderinkhof, K. R., Band, G. P. H., & Logan, G. D. (1999). A study of adaptive behavior: Effects of age and irrelevant information on the ability to inhibit one’s actions. Acta Psychologica, 101, 315-337.
  • Ridderinkhof, K. R., Bashore T. R., van der Molen, M. W., & Band, G. P. H. (1999). The speed of information processing: Qualitative versus quantitative changes with age. In M. Falkenstein, J. Hohnsbein, & P. Ullsperger (Eds.), Cognitive Changes due to Aging and Fatigue as Revealed in the Electric Brain Activity (pp. 172-182). Dortmund, Germany: Bundesanstalt fuer Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin.


  • Bashore, T. R., Ridderinkhof, K. R., & van der Molen, M. W. (1998). Life-span studies of mental chronometry: Universal insights derived from chronopsychophysiology. In N. Raz (Ed.), The Other Side of the Error Term: Aging and Development as Model Systems In Cognitive Neuroscience (pp. 197-259). Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier Science
  • van der Molen, M.W., & Ridderinkhof, K.R. (1998). Chronopsychophysiology of developmental changes in selective attention and processing speed: A selective review and re-analysis. Journal of Psychophysiology, 12, 223-235.
  • van der Molen, M.W., & Ridderinkhof, K.R. (1998). The growing and aging brain: Life-span changes in brain and cognitive functioning. In A. Demetriou, W. Doise, & C.F.M. van Lieshout (Eds.), Life-Span Developmental Psychology: A European Perspective (pp. 35-100). New York: Wiley.


  • Bashore, T. R., Ridderinkhof, K. R., & van der Molen, M. W. (1997). The decline of cognitive processing speed in old age. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 6, 163-169.
  • Bashore, T. R., van der Molen, M. W., Ridderinkhof, K. R., & Wiley, S. A. (1997). Is the age-complexity effect mediated by reductions in a general processing resource? Biological Psychology, 45, 263-282.
  • Ridderinkhof, K. R. (1997). A dual-route processing architecture for stimulus-response correspondence effects. In B. Hommel & W. Prinz (Eds.), Theoretical Issues in S‑R Compatibility (pp. 119-131). Amsterdam, the Netherlands: Elsevier.
  • Ridderinkhof, K. R., & van der Molen, M. W. (1997). Mental resources, processing speed, and inhibitory control: A developmental perspective. Biological Psychology, 45, 241-261.
  • Ridderinkhof, K. R., van der Molen, M. W., Band, G. P. H., & Bashore T. R. (1997). Sources of interference from irrelevant information: A developmental study. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 65, 315-341.


  • Kok, A., Kenemans, J. L., Zeef., E. J., Lorist, M., Ridderinkhof, K. R., & van der Stelt, O. (1996). Selective processes in development and aging: Event-related potential studies. In: C. Ogura, Y. Koga & M. Shimokochi (Eds.), Recent advances in event-related potential research (pp.721-732). Amsterdam, the Netherlands: Elsevier Science Publishers


  • Ridderinkhof, K. R., & Bashore, T. R. (1995). Using event-related brain potentials to draw inferences about human information processing. In P. A. Allen and T. R. Bashore (Eds.), Age differences in word and language processing (pp. 294-313). Amsterdam, the Netherlands: Elsevier Science Publishers.
  • Ridderinkhof, K. R., & van der Molen, M. W. (1995a). A psychophysiological analysis of developmental differences in the ability to resist interference. Child Development, 66, 1040-1056.
  • Ridderinkhof, K. R., & van der Molen, M. W. (1995b). When global information and local information collide: A brain-potential analysis of the locus of interference effects. Biological Psychology, 41, 29-53.
  • Ridderinkhof, K. R., van der Molen, M. W., & Bashore, T. R. (1995). Limits on the application of additive factors logic: Violations of stage robustness suggest a dual-process architecture to explain flanker effects on target processing. Acta Psychologica, 89, 315-334.


  • Jennings, J. R., van der Molen, M. W., Somsen, R. J. M., & Ridderinkhof, K. R. (1991). Graphical and statistical techniques for cardiac cycle time (phase) dependent changes in interbeat interval. Psychophysiology, 28, 596-606.